YTS first began to investigate community mining practices in Central Kalimantan in 2006, during implementation of the Global Mercury Project, as funded by UNIDO. Since then, YTS has conducted a great deal of action-research into the activities of the sector as a whole.

Community gold mining is a long-established livelihood activity for many of the indigenous communities in the province; and provides an important source of revenue. Our research has sought to identify appropriate technology solutions that can reduce environmental and health impacts from the activity, as well as to identify barriers to formalization of the sector.

YTS has also been working to mainstream national action planning processes that result from Indonesia’s ratification of the Minamata Convention. To this end, YTS has been sharing its knowledge-base and building capacity at provincial and district levels, while maintaining an active dialogue with the national government on the issue of mercury pollution from community gold mining. YTS has received additional funding for this work from a variety of donors, including United Nations Environment, the Government of Canada, and Pure Earth.